Executive Orders

Executive Order

Presidential Documents
6183Federal Register/Vol. 64, No. 25/Monday, February 8, 1999/Presidential Documents
Executive Order 13112 of February 3, 1999


Invasive Species

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990, as amended (16 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.), Lacey Act, as amended (18 U.S.C. 42), Federal Plant Pest Act (7 U.S.C. 150aa et seq.), Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974, as amended (7 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.), Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), and other pertinent statutes, to prevent the introduction of invasive species and provide for their control and to minimize the economic, ecological, and human health impacts that invasive species cause, it is ordered as follows:

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Executive Order 13112

Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States : OTA

Summary, Issues and Options September 1993 OTA-F-565

The movement of plants, animals, and microbes beyond their natural range is much like a game of biological roulette. Once in a new environment, an organism may simply die. Or it may take hold and reproduce, but with little noticeable effect on its surroundings. But sometimes a new species spreads unimpeded, with devastating ecological or economic results. This latter category-including species like the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) and the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar)-is largely the focus of, and the reason for, this assessment.

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